What is Mortgage Loan? How to Choose the Right Option

Mortgage loans are a popular choice for homeowners in India who require funds for various purposes. Whether it’s to invest in their business, finance their children’s education, build their dream home or renovate an existing one, mortgage loans can provide the necessary funding.

So, what is a mortgage loan? It’s a type of loan that allows a borrower to pledge their land property as collateral against the loan. This loan is sanctioned based on the market value, condition and ownership of the land offered as collateral. The loan amount usually ranges between 60% to 70% of the property’s market value.

How to Calculate EMI for Mortgage Loans?

The EMI for a mortgage loan is calculated based on the loan amount, the tenure, and the interest rate being charged. There are many online mortgage calculators available that can help you calculate your EMI for different loan amounts and tenures at different interest rates.

The formula to calculate EMI for a mortgage loan is as follows:

EMI = [P x R x (1+R)^N]/[(1+R)^N-1]

Where: P = loan amount, R = interest rate per month (converted from annual interest rate by dividing by 12), N = tenure in months

For example, if you take a mortgage loan amount of Rs.50 lakhs at an interest rate of 8% per annum for a tenure of 15 years (180 months), your EMI will be calculated as follows:

EMI = [50,00,000 x 0.008 x (1+0.008)^180]/[(1+0.008)^180-1]

= Rs.48,677

So, your monthly EMI for a mortgage loan of Rs.50 lakhs at an interest rate of 8% per annum for a tenure of 15 years will be Rs.48,677.

How Interest rate of Mortgage Loans is Charged 

The interest rate for a mortgage loan varies from one lender to another. Different lenders charge different interest rates depending on various factors such as the loan amount, tenure, credit score, income, age, employment history, and the condition and location of the property.

Generally, the interest rates for a mortgage loan range from 7% to 12% per annum. The interest rate may also vary depending on the type of loan (fixed rate or floating rate), the loan amount, tenure, and the borrower’s credit score.

To get the best interest rate on mortgage loan, it’s recommend to do a thorough research, compare different lenders’ offers, negotiate with them, and choose the one that suits your needs the best.

Advantages of Mortgage Loans in 2024

There are several advantages of taking a mortgage loan:

1. It provides a large amount of funds for various purposes.

2. The interest rates for a mortgage loan are relatively lower than other types of loans.

3. The tenure for a mortgage loan is usually longer, which means you have more time to repay the loan.

4. You can continue to use the property while repaying the loan.

5. The interest paid on a mortgage loan is tax-deductible under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act.

Disadvantages of Mortgage Loans 

There are some disadvantages of taking a mortgage loan against land property:

1. If the borrower defaults on the loan, the lender may sell the property to recover the amount due.

2. The property’s value may depreciate over time, which could result in a lower loan-to-value ratio than when the loan was sanctione.

3. There may be processing fees, prepayment penalties, and other charges associate with the loan.

4. The loan repayment can last for several years, which means the borrower may end up paying more in interest than the actual loan amount.

Factors Affecting Mortgage Loan Application in India

Securing a mortgage loan in India involves a comprehensive evaluation of various factors that significantly influence the application process. Here are 10 key factors that play a crucial role in determining the success of a mortgage loan application:

  1. Credit Score: Perhaps the most pivotal factor, a high credit score demonstrates creditworthiness. Lenders use this score to assess the borrower’s ability to manage and repay debts.
  2. Income Stability: Lenders scrutinize the stability of the applicant’s income. A consistent and reliable income source enhances the chances of loan approval.
  3. Employment History: A steady employment history adds credibility to the application. Lenders often prefer applicants with a stable job tenure, as it reflects financial reliability.
  4. Debt-to-Income Ratio: Lenders assess the debt-to-income ratio to gauge the borrower’s ability to manage monthly mortgage payments alongside existing debts. A lower ratio indicates better financial health.
  5. Property Valuation: The value of the property being financed is a critical factor. Lenders assess its market value to determine the loan amount and associated risk.
  6. Loan-to-Value Ratio (LTV): The LTV ratio compares the loan amount to the property’s appraised value. A lower LTV ratio is generally favorable, reducing the risk for the lender.
  7. Down Payment: A substantial down payment can positively impact the loan application. It not only reduces the loan amount but also demonstrates the borrower’s financial commitment.
  8. Documentation Accuracy: Accurate and complete documentation is essential. Any discrepancies or missing information can lead to delays or even rejection of the mortgage loan application.
  9. Interest Rates: The prevailing interest rates in the market influence the terms of the mortgage. Borrowers with a good credit history may negotiate more favorable rates.
  10. Legal Clearance of Property: Ensuring that the property has clear legal titles is crucial. Lenders want assurance that there are no legal encumbrances that could jeopardize the collateral.

Understanding these factors and taking proactive steps to address them can significantly enhance the chances of a successful mortgage loan application in India. Prospective borrowers should work on improving their creditworthiness, maintaining financial stability, and ensuring property-related documentation is in order to streamline the application process.


Taking a mortgage loan can be a good option for homeowners who require funds for various purposes. However, it’s important to do a thorough research, choose the right lender, negotiate the best terms, and plan your repayment strategy wisely. It’s also recommend to take the help of a financial advisor or a mortgage broker who can guide you through the process and help you make the right decision. Read more blogs on our website.

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